A Small Collection Stories and Sayings of Jesus Christ (AS) in Islamic Literature.

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Compiled and Translated by: Brother Abdullah

Intro:

(AS):  Peace be upon him. (this is used for Angels and Prophets)

(SAAS): Peace be upon him and blessings (this is used most frequently for the Prophet Muhmmad SAAS)

(RA): May Allah be pleased with him or her (this is usually used for scholars of Islam or companions of the Prophet or any righteous person).

[ ] : These are added for commentary to explain are not from the original Arabic.

 

( ) : These are to give the source of the above report

 

Note to reader: I have collected as many stories and narratives as I could and referenced them to the books which I have found them in many times the narratives are found in multiple with slightly different wordings and varying authenticity. Everything I have narrated is for Fadl (calling towards meritorious and righteous actions) not as Hukum (rulings and proofs).

In the footnotes there will explanatory notes and details about the authenticity of the Narrations.

 

Brief study of Hadith Terminology

Hadith: A saying, report, actions, stories, or habits of the Prophet Muhmmad (SAAS).

Athaar: A saying, report, actions, stories, or habits of the Sahabah (RA) (companions).

Mursal: A saying, report, actions, stories, or habits of the Taabi’i (RA) (students of companions).

Isralilyyat: a collection of narrations from Rabbis, Priests, and, Monks who converted to Islam and narrated them to the Sahabah and Taabi’i. These narrations usually narrate stories and wise sayings of former Peoples and Prophets.

Mutawatir: A narration which has been reported so widely by so many authentic chains of narrators that it is impossible to be a lie. These narrations are consider on level with the Quran. Integral parts of Aqeedah (Islamic Creed) can only be proven by Quran and Mutawatir Hadith. There are around 310 to 500 Mutawatir Hadith (see Al Nazm al Mutanthir).

Muttafaqun Alayhi: A narration which has been agreed upon by both Bukhari and Muslim.

Sahih: A narration which has a continuous Isnad (chain of naarators), which has been narrated by righteous people with utmost sound memory. Oftentimes Scholars will disagree on the authenticity of a Hadith one may classify a Hadith as Sahih whilst another Daif because of a defect in the chain or has odd text. Also sometimes the Prophet (SAAS) speak figuratively so the scholars interpret the Hadith. For example, “May Allah cruse the thief who steals and egg and his hand cut for it” (Bukhari) this Hadith doesn’t mean if one steals and egg ones hand should be cut but rather scholars comment that it means one steals small things until one steals a large and valuable thing then ones hand is cut.  In issues of Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) Sahih Hadith are used to prove action of worship.

Hassan: A narration which the narrators are all upright people and continuous chain but there is some defect either in the memory of the narrators or in the text of the narration which makes it fall short of the Sahih category.

Daif: Is a Hadith which has broken chain of narrators, narrators lack integrity, weakness in the moray of narrators, contradiction of the text of the narration with a Sahih Hadith or Quran. It is permissible to use weak narration in Fadl (calling towards good actions). Many Ulma used weak narrations in calling to moral excellence, prophetic biography, and spirituality.  A common misconception is that a weak Hadith has no value. Rather they have value but the likelihood of them being said by the prophet is lower that Hassan and Sahih. A weak hadith is a like a D to B minus whilst Hassan are like B Sahih are A.

Brief comments: Hadith have always existed in a larger structure of Fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) and country to what many Christian Apologist believe Muslims don’t just read Hadith and act upon them. Rather the Ulma (scholars of Islam) study the Hadith, look at the nuances of the Arabic used in the Hadith, try to see whether it is authentic or not, try to see if it is abrogated or not and various other specialized nuances. Many anti-Islamic Polemicist uses translated Hadith to attack or disparage Islam without understanding the wider context and role of Hadith.

In the Name Of Allah Most Beneficent Most Merciful

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Malik Narrates from Yahya ibn Saaed. That Jesus son of Mary (AS) saw a hog on the road. So he spoke to it saying “Remove yourself with Peace”. So a man said to Jesus, “Why do you speak [kindly] to a hog? So Jesus replied, “Should I accustom my tongue to lowly speech.[1] [2] ” (Muwatta Imam Malik).

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Malik Narrated to us:  That Jesus son of Mary (AS) said, “Do not speak much without  remembering Allah, for by  doing so, your hearts will be hardend. Surely a hard heart [3] is distant from Allah though you are unaware.  Do not like masters, look at the faults of others. Rather, like slaves, look at [your] own faults.  In truth, mankind is of only two types, the troubled and   the felicitous. So show mercy to trouble, and praise Allah for the felicitous. (Muwatta of Imam Malik)

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Yahya narrated to me from Malik that he had heard that Jesus ibn Maryam used to say, “O Sons of Israel! You must drink pure water and [eat] the green things of the land and barley bread. Beware of wheat bread, for you will not be grateful enough for it.” (Muwatta of Imam Malik)

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Prophet Jesus (AS) said: “Whoever lies much will have his beauty is taken away, and whoever argues much will lose chivalry [or manhood], and whoever is frequential stressed his body shall become ill, and whoever abandons good character only torments himself.” [4] (Ihya Ulmideen of Hujjat al Islam Imam Al Ghazali)

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Abu Huyrah said he heard the Prophet (SAAS): Once Jesus son Mary (AS) saw a Man stealing. So he [Jesus] said, “have you stole ?”So the Man [the thief] said, “No! By the One and only Allah!” So Jesus said, “I believe in Allah and disbelieve in my eyes.”(Sahih Al Bukthair of Imam Al Bukthair)

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The Prayer of Jesus (AS): “O Allah! Indeed I awaken [at the break] dawn. Not able to remove haram, or bring any good. I have awoken with my affair in your hands,[5] and with my deeds as a debt. There is no one in more need of than me O Allah. O Allah don’t hand me to my foes, don’t humiliate among my companions, don’t trouble me in the affairs of my faith [more literal my religion], don’t make my life full of stress, don’t entrust me with one who will not show mercy to me. O Eternal, O Self Existing. (Suhab Al Iman of Al Hafiz Al Bayhaqi)

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Jesus (AS) said: The love of this Life and the Love of the Afterlife can’t exist in the Heart of a [faithful] Believer. Just as water and fire can’t exist [meaning one must get rid of the other].[6] (Ihya Ulmideen of Hujjat al Islam Al Ghazail)

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Prophet Jesus ( AS ) said, “Whoever learns, acts upon [what he learnt], and teaches [he] will be called great in the realm of the Heavens.” (Hilyat Al Awailya of Al Hafiz Abu Nuy’am)

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Suyfun narrated, “Whenever Jesus (AS) remembered the Hour [Day of Judgment] he wept as women would weep.”[7] (Kitab az Zhud of Sheikh ul-Islam Ahmad ibn Hanbal)

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Jesus (AS )said, “The worldly life is a bridge crossover it and don’t build above it.” (Dam ad Dunya of Al Hafiz Ibn Abi Duyana)

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A man was brought before Jesus (AS) who had committed adultery. So Jesus (AS) ordered that he be stoned. [8] Jesus said, “let no man who has committed a sin stone him” so they dropped the stones. Except John son of Zakariya (AS).[9] (Kitab az Zhud of Sheikh ul-Islam Ahmad ibn Hanbal)

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Jesus son of Mary (AS) [told] the Disciples: “In truth I tell you” And Jesus (AS) used[10] to say “In truth I tell you” abundantly “Those who love worldly life will receive tribulations.”

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Jesus son of Mary (AS) said, “Blessed are the Believers, and again Blessed are the Believers for Allah most glorious shall take care of the children after they pass.” (Kitab az Zhud of Sheikh ul-Islam Ahmad ibn Hanbal)

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Upon a day Jesus (AS) was resting with his head upon a stone as a pillow. Then came upon him a state of drowsiness. Iblis[11] came to him and said [mockingly], “O Jesus didn’t you claim you want nothing of pleasures of the worldly life. Indeed this stone is of pleasures of the world.” So at once Jesus (AS) sat up and grasped the stone and with it forcefully struck Iblis. He then said, “Take that and your worldly pleasures!” (Qassas Al An Anabia of Al Hafiz Ibn Kathir)

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A man once came to Jesus (AS), saying to him, “I want to join and be your disciple.” So they journeyed until reached a river, where they sat down to eat. There where three loaves of bread. They ate two loaves, and left the third. Jesus (AS) then stood up and went to the river to drink water. When he returned, he saw that the third loaf of bread was missing so he asked the man, “Who took the loaf?” he replied, “I don’t know”.

Jesus (AS) contained to journey with the man until they saw a mother deer[13] with two of her young. Jesus (AS) called out to one of the two young deer and it came to him. Jesus (AS) then slaughtered it and cooked some of it, and ate with his disciples. Then he said to the young deer [corpus], “Rise by Allah’s permission.” The young deer rose and ran away. Jesus (AS) then looked to the man and said, “I ask you in the name of Him [Allah] who displayed you this sign, who took the loaf?” “I don’t know” the man replied. Then they continued to journey until they came upon valley flooded by water. Jesus (AS) took his disciples hands and they walked upon the water. When they had crossed over, Jesus said to the man, “I ask you in the name of Him who displayed for you this sign, who took the loaf?” “I don’t know” the man replied. Then they journey to a desert and they sat down. Jesus (AS) began to collect some dirt and sand and then said, “Turn to gold, by Allah’s permission” and the dirt and sand became piles of gold. Jesus (AS) divided the gold into three piles and said, “A one third for me a  one third for you and one third for whoever took the loaf.” The man said, “I the loaf.” Jesus (AS) said “Then this is all yours.”

Jesus then left him. Two men[13] came upon the man in the desert with the gold, and intended to rob and kill him. He said two of them, “Let us divide it into three portions among us. One of you to town to buy us some food to eat.” One of them was sent off, and then said to himself whilst he was gone [the one who went to buy food] said, “Why should I divide the gold with those two? No, I shall poison the food and have all the gold to myself.” He went off and did so.

Meanwhile, the two who stayed behind said to each other, “Why should we give him a third of the gold? Instead, let us kill him when he returns and divide the gold among ourselves.” When he returned, they killed him and ate the posited food, and died. After some time Jesus (AS) passed by found them in that condition and said to his disciples, “ This is the life of this world be contentious of it.” (Ihya Ulmideen of Hujjat al Islam Al Ghazail)

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Jesus son Mary (AS) met Iblis. Iblis said, “Will whatever happen only be what Allah has decreed in his book.”[14] Jesus (AS) replied, “Yes Indeed.” Iblis said, “Why don’t you just throw yourself pike of this mountain to see if you’ll live or not.” Jesus replied, “It is not for a slave[14] to assess his lord but it is for the Allah to assess his slave.” (Qassas Al An Anabia of Al Hafiz Ibn Kathir)

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 Abdullah Ibn Abbas (RA) said, “Allah reveled to Jesus (AS) “O Jesus(AS) believe in Muhmmad (SAAS) and order your Nation to believe in him. If it wasn’t for him I wouldn’t create Adam nor Heaven or Hell and when I created The Throne over a sea it began to shake until I wrote There is No God but Allah and Muhammad is his Messenger then it remained still.”” ( Al Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain of Al Hafiz Hakim an Nishapuri)[16]

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Umar son of Al Khattab (RA) had order Saad to send Nadal[17] and a legion of warriors to a Hawal (a Mountain range) in Iraq. So, Saad sent Nadal and 400 knights on horseback and they went towards Hawal. Until, they reach some small towns near Hawal and began to battle with them and they were victorious. They once again began to head towards Hawal and climbed the up leaving, the spoils, and captives at the base of the mountain.

Once the time of Dhur prayer came Nadal stood up to give the call to prayer and said “Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar” then they heard a mysterious voice say “what great praise of Allah you have said.” Then Nadal said “Ashu Allah Ilaha Illa” then the voice said “and by this the people of the heavens and earth bear witness.” Then Nadal said “Asyhadu Anna Muhammad Rasulullah” then the voice said “A Prophet who has come no Prophet after him.” Then Nadal said “Hayya Ala Salah” then the voice said “ blessed are those who consistent with it.” Then Nadal “Hayya Ala Falah” then the voice said “To Muhmmad (SAAS) is success.” After the Call to prayer ended.

Then the voice said, “who are you may Allah bless you?” Then Nadal responded We are the trust of Allah, his Prophet (SAAS), Umar ibn Al Khattab. Then they saw an old man wearing two white cloaks. Nadal rose his head to look saying “Who are you? May Allah bless you.” The old man replied, “May Allah bless you I am Zuyrab son of Barthmala I am the trust of Jesus son of Mary (AS) he sent me to these mountains. And He asked [Allah] that my life be elongated then he descended to the heavens. When he returns he will he destroy the cross and kill the pigs and disown the Christians. As for myself I missed the Prophet (SAAS).[18]

So send my salutations of peace to Umar son of Al Khattab (RA) and tell him to bring the ranks [of the believers] together, for this affair has concluded [meaning Day of Judgment is near] and if you see these signs in the Nation of Muhmmad (SAAS) then flee with your religion.

When you see Men with Men (homosexuality) and Women with Women (lesbianism) when you see people claiming ancestry which is not there’s. When you see the Old not showing mercy towards the young and the young not showing reverence to the old. When good deeds are abandoned and there will be no who orders them. People embrace sin and no one prohibits it. When people learn religion and teach it for wealth. When rain becomes burning and children are filled with rage. Minarets become tall and ornamented Qurans. When people follow every desires and trade their religion for the worldly life. People will break the ties of kinship and the law will be sold. A man while leave his house is better than he who stays. So get on your saddle your saddle. For then the Hour [ Day of Judgment].”

Then he disappeared. So, Saad wrote to Umar of what Allah showed him from the affair of Nadal. So Umar wrote back to Saad “ This secretive event which happened to those with you from among the Muhajirin (Immigrants) and Ansar (Helpers) has been told to me by the Prophet (SAAS) he narrated to us “A man from the companions of Jesus was sent to the mountains.” So, Saad took thousands[19] to the mountains to search [for Zuyrab] and they yelled out the Call to Prayer and searched for 40 days but they couldn’t find him.[20] (Dalail un Nubuwwah of Al Hafiz Abu Nuy’am)

 

 

[1] Lowly Speech fall under many categories including: Nameemah (Spreading Malicious), Gheebah (backbiting), Kathib (Lying), Fuhsuh (inappropriate speech), see Affat al Lisan of Al Ghazali.

 [2] The hadiths of the Muwatta are Sahih just like Bukhari and Muslim. Although there are many Mursal Athar (Cut off Narrations) where the chain of narrators don’t reach the prophet but reach a companion or a student of a companion.

[3] Hard Heart: see Al-Jami’li-Ahkam of Al Qurtubi under 39:22 “Woe to those whose hearts are hardened against the remembrance of Allah.”

[4] The Ihya Ulmideen of Imam Al Ghazali is one of the greatest works on Islamic ethics and Spirituality and there are a number of weak narrations but the Ihya is a passionate call towards righteous actions and scholars have commented1, “there is nothing but good in it.”

[5]  The Word Hands doesn’t mean hands in the sense of creation rather it is beyond intellect and Muslims don’t ascribe Jism (organs, limbs, soul, directions or place) to Allah rather he is free from all that. See Manaqib Ahmad by Al Bayhaqi “A person commits an act of disbelief (kufr) if he says Allah is a body, even if he says: Allah is a body but not like other bodies.” A person exits Islam if he attributes Jism (organs, limbs, soul, directions, or place) to Allah.

[6] This doesn’t mean one should abandon worldly life but rather Jesus (AS) lived in a time of great extravagance and a time of lack of spirituality. To counter this he lived a lifestyle of Zuhud (Asceticism) our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAAS) did the same. Still, one may balance ones worldly life and hereafter and not fall into extravagance.

[7] Jesus (AS) like our Prophet Muhammad (SAAS) heart was soft, full of love and longing for Allah therefore he would weep much.

[8] Here Jesus (AS) upholds the laws of Allah reveled to Moses see, Deuteronomy 22:25.

 [9] John (AS) executes the man for he [John] as Prophet of Allah has no sin.

[10] It seems like the phrase ((And Jesus (AS) used to say “In truth I tell you” abundantly)) is an additions of one the narrators of the Athar (saying) Allah knows best.

[11] Iblis is arch devil who refused to bow before Adam (AS). He is a Jinn (spirit) not as Christians Theologians say, “a fallen angel.” See Al Bidaya Wan Nihaya of Ibn Kathir.

[12] Different Narrations narrate slightly different events. The different narration can be found in Ibn Abi Duyana in Al Zhud and Ibn Askir Tarkeh Dimashq.

[13] Some narratives say three men see Zhud of Ibn Abi Duyana.

[14] Book may refer to Allah’s Pre Destiny or Lauh Al Mahfuz The Persevered Tablet.

[15] Slave doesn’t refer to a negative connation. Rater the Quran says, 55:56 “I created the jinn and humankind only that they might worship Me.” The word Abudoueen means to enslave, worship, know, and love Allah.  Al-Raghib al-Isfahani said “Mankind has been created for three reasons [according to the Quran] To care take of the earth, to be abdueen of Allah, and for khalifa i.e. rulership to ordaine peity and justice.”

[16] Al Hakim has declared this Hadith as Sahih (Authentic) while Ad Dhahabi states it is a false attribution.

[17]Nadal son of Mauwiya al Ansari

[18] Meaning he longed for the privilege of meeting the Prophet (SAAS) but was unable to do so.

[19] Narration in Bayhaqi says 4000 of the Muhjreen and Ansar Allah knows best if this number is true.

[20] This narration can be found in Tarkeeh Baghad of Al Khattabi,  Al-Khasais-ul-Kubra of As Suyuti, Dalail un Nubawwah of Al Bayhaqi, and Futhat al Makkiyah  of Ibn Arabi. Although different narration have different words As Suyuti said the chain of narrators has one weak narrator. Whilst a different chain contains an unknown narrator. Even so Ibn Arabi wrote, “that many of the honorable scholars consider this narration as a true.”

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